วันเสาร์ที่ 29 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2555

Access to the professions: why we started a social mobility enterprise

from opposite ends of the socioeconomic spectrum, Henry Morris and Dale Potter saw the need to address the difference in career

Henry Morris and I are at different ends of the socio-economic spectrum. While on a top independent school Henry and his companions were invited to join the club of accountants, lawyers and doctors grass - my complete hard to improvise a club carpentry, not to mention all of occupations selective. At the age of 16 years, Henry had completed work experience in various companies. A week at local bike shop should be enough for me.

Our funds have been different, but we met and became friends in college. There, we were struck by the contrasting aspirations and successes of securing the supply of graduate labor elusive among our peers. For us, these results were everything to chance. Best funds before, family and contacts parents who had "been there" were likely to be in a better chance. Without any fault of his own, the less privileged college started the race for top positions and later struggled to catch up.

Our personal experience is one thing, but what is the evidence? Studies by the University of Bristol and others have shown that students from less privileged backgrounds perform at least as well in school as their more privileged peers. For example, in Bristol for 88% of graduates of schools of education received a 2.1 or higher, against 85% of graduates trained independently. However, the achievement does not match well with results equal graduate, graduates from disadvantaged under current occupations compared to their more privileged peers. They also tend to earn less. Three and a half years after graduation, 33% of independently trained professionals earning more than £ 30,000, compared to 14% of the state vocational education


as well in school, is it possible that different levels of knowledge, soft skills, networks and experience explain the difference in the results of studies? This is not a point on the recruitment process - we have come a long way since the absolute bias in the selection process of the past. But what if the best talent in our economy are not applicable to the professions and when they proportionally disappointing results against their potential?

Experience shows that there are differences in the level of the main non-academic skills needed to access, and we know that the professions themselves are not socially representative. For example, while only 7% of students attending private schools, 54% of executives in the UK and 70% of CFOs were educated separately.

reflect on our experiences, Henry and I knew there was a problem. Henry was well aware of the benefits that were on their way to jobs after graduation. For me, it is only through part-time job behind a desk in the office of the academic career that I really realized the extent of career opportunities open to graduates of any discipline. However, this problem has presented its own - how could make sense of all the different options available to me? The software run-chooser does not really help either: despite my degree in economics, one of them suggested that I should consider midwife. The simple fact is that the sources of knowledge was less for advice on careers that I envisioned.

Inspired by the emergence of social enterprise and its business focus to make a positive impact, we explored the question. The first step was to develop a concrete idea of ??how we can make a difference. After studying third sector, government, universities and programs of the company, it became clear that there was no comprehensive program that supports students who have overcome obstacles to achieve the university to realize their career potential. In fact, it appeared that the impact of social background on transition from college to the professions was the least explored area of ??the equality agenda in general. one hand, to be the vanguard of this reflection was exciting - secondly, the challenge of explaining the importance of employers' social context has not always been easy. Some were skeptical, suggesting that barriers do not exist and that the selection process was fair was sufficient in itself. Others have recognized that, in the fight for the best students, recruiters have lost the best talent - many of which have demonstrated incredible resilience and adaptability to go to university


quickly recognized that to ensure that students from less privileged backgrounds to realize their career potential was a natural extension of its efforts to broaden participation. In fact, in the world of £ 9k fees, many universities have agreed to this extension in their Offa agreements. few months earlier, Henry and I had full-time jobs. Our time is limited, the generation of ideas has been slow, and the development of new connections was meticulous. Soon our separate ways.

Dale Potter and Henry Morris are the founders of


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วันศุกร์ที่ 28 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2555

Lonmin mine in South Africa hit by fresh violence

The rivalry between the unions on strike in the mine Marikana relive four days after the monument to miners killed by police


returned to the mine where 34 miners were Lonmin shot by police in southern Africa earlier this month.

Police Monday reported a new outbreak of attacks on platinum mine owned listed company in London, which envisages an urgent rights following the controversy.

long rivalry between the mining unions rekindled four days after a memorial to remember the 44 miners who died during the two weeks of violence in Marikana Lonmin mine near Johannesburg.

miners on strike, demanding triple his salary, threatened and assaulted other workers in their attempt to go down the mine, according to reports from the scene. Alfonso Mofokeng, a minor Lesotho, told the AFP news agency: "We are aware that some people have returned to work, we observed that behavior, and we arrive at a plan for dealing with it."

Monday, about 2,000 of the impressive rock drillers, some carrying sticks and whips, gathered near the site of the "slaughter Marikana" where police shot and killed 34 miners on strike worst outbreak of violence the police that the end of apartheid. Five armored vehicles and a police helicopter were monitoring the situation.

miners on strike demanding their wages increase from 4,000 rand (£ 306) per month to 12,500 rand. The company says that most workers are paid about 10,500 rand, if the bonds are included.

In comparison, Lonmin CEO Ian Farmer, who is gravely ill in the hospital, received salary and bonus of £ 1.2 million last year.
Lonmin last week promoting his CFO Simon Scott farmers executive action until recovery. The FTSE100 miner also admitted that the violation of their loan commitments by the financial impact of the strike, forcing the union talks with banks to discuss an urgent matter of human rights.

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Saving the Arctic is environmentalism's biggest challenge yet | John Sauven

Greenpeace needs the support of millions of people if you want to save the Arctic from the destruction of the oil industry

This month, we expect to see a record ice melt in the Arctic. But this is not a world record, we can celebrate. This is a warning on the planet Earth.

30 years ago, the ice cover of the Arctic Ocean covered an area the size of Australia. In recent decades, almost certainly disappear completely during the summer months. This is the first time a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean has been around for thousands of years. Land without the white part on top of the world, is radically different from that of the first photos taken of our planet from space only four decades. The first images of the Earth vulnerable small but beautiful led in part to the environmental movement. And now, this movement must change radically in response to what happens.

The Arctic is home to millions of people, including the Inuit, whose ancestors settled there thousands of years. It is also a unique ecosystem, home to some of the most extraordinary in the world, walrus narwhal polar bears. For hundreds of other migratory species, including humpback whales and Canada geese, a summer camp is a vital force.

The Incredible

Arctic also plays a vital role in regulating our climate. Arctic sea ice is like a giant mirror that reflects much of the sun's energy, which helps keep the planet cool. The formation of the Arctic sea ice salt water well produces dense, helping to drive the deep ocean currents. Without ice, this delicate balance is disrupted and can cause profound regional and global climate change.

confidence in the Arctic for our survival. And now, we are in danger of losing one of the most important ecosystems in the world and a life support system to stop all species face a future more uncertain and unpredictable.

Paradoxically, at present, no species will benefit as much as the one that causes the same:. Humans

arising under the Arctic Ocean is bound to run out. No more than three years worth of global supply. If there was an oil spill like the Exxon Valdez or Deepwater Horizon, could be catastrophic for marine life in the Arctic.

Now, we must declare the destruction of such a unique place as an act of vandalism on an unprecedented scale and take steps to stop it. And you also have to invest in new energy sources and greener energy efficiency.

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วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 27 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2555

Why the claws are out for the RSPB

To protect birds of prey, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds is alienating the rural population. The former director of the Scottish argues that if both parties to join our wildlife will pay the price

The annual general meeting of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds is a lavish affair, held in the heart of London. About 1,000 enthusiastic members and attend its highest point is a moving account of the achievements of the year as president of the institution. The tone tends to the Gospel. At the meeting last year, the current president of the RSPB, Ian Darling, could applaud a record membership of over 1 million, each paid £ 3 per month to help preserve the life of Britain bird - or your brochure says, all that "hops, crawls or shaking in his garden."

It is charity that attracts devotees, birds tending their tables across the country, and the proud parents to send their children on rides bird. But it is also one of the bodies largest conservation in the country. Darling told some successes: the draft Great crane crane restored Somerset Levels after an absence of 400 years, the red-backed shrike reproduce successfully for the first time in the UK in 17 years and kites hatched in Northern Ireland after 200 years.

could applaud the good financial condition of the company - a net profit of ? 94 million and EUR 83 million of expenditures. Your funds through generous bequests of their members are largely devoted to conservation projects, including the purchase of land in nature reserves, is the property of 209 at last count, covering about 300,000 hectares of the Great Britain, nearly half of that in Scotland, making country the eighth largest landowner.

With all this financial power has considerable influence. RSPB advice is sought by governments and corporations in a wide range of topics, from the location of the wind farm planning bypasses and airport runways. Not only research, but satisfied. Companies superpowers, the main actors of the energy on land and sea, to pay tribute to the RSPB to divert sites that are considered dangerous to birds. They know that to ignore the advice is to run the risk of long-term planning objections dilated and final defeat.

In most cases, advertising RSPB as a huge success - and why not? This is probably one of the charities most popular in Britain, a huge source of objective scientific body of knowledge on wildlife, not only in England but in the world. However, the RSPB has antagonized farmers, landowners and even rural communities among whom they work. An organization that prides itself once its close ties with the issues in the field of work and knowledge of the land which now lies at a distance, helping the police to denounce the owners, accusing them of crimes blame farmers Wildlife and height of agricultural practices that, according to him, led to a dramatic fall in the number of species common before. Despite its position on the shooting is officially "neutral", a very high proportion of their press releases refer to the owners of the moor and pheasant shoots, accusing them of trapping, poisoning and shooting prey, or "birds of prey", as defined. A recent campaign has urged young members to help the company detective film, "Can you help catch criminals?" He asks. "With your help, we can save birds of prey."

Given the high desert of Great Britain is one of the most fragile ecosystems in the country and agriculture accounts for over 75% of their land, it is the first line of conservation.

landowners and farmers claim that there is something very rare in public campaigns RSPB and how they seem to be obsessed with birds of prey above all others. These are, of course, the most glamorous birds in Britain. But the idea that they are under threat appears, for some, this is a very partial version of the truth.

The picture painted by the survey of breeding birds later prepared by the British Foundation for Ornithology (BTO), a science-based organization, opposes the head RSPB in affirmation. Species such as kites, eagles, peregrine falcons and are doing well, especially with comets, now reintroduced in Britain, a familiar sight in large areas of southern England, Wales and the Scottish Highlands. Golden eagles are thriving enough for about 40 of them have been "transferred" to County Donegal in Ireland. Buzzards, another common bird of prey, increased more than 600% since 1967, prompting Defra, the Department of Environment, Government, to discuss ways to control them.

Even the number of hen harriers, which are stored in the "red list" of endangered species BTO globally endangered, increased from 570 breeding pairs in Britain in 1998 806 in 2004 before falling to 646 in 2010. Its population is European with thousands.

The RSPB, however, remains a passionate campaign on behalf of all birds of prey, whatever their number, their concern about advertising eclipsing the birds, many of which are now in the list of endangered species - willow tits really BTO, wagtail, Lapwing, partridge, pigeon Redshank, Stonechat and chat, some of which have undergone a population collapse. Working to preserve them, the company must have those who own and manage the land on their side.

owners and farmers, who are at the other end of the adverse publicity, they say they are so concerned about the fragility of bird populations in Britain and the RSPB. They admit a more varied birds of prey, see, despite their beauty, as predators that attack small birds and young pheasants, partridges and even farm animals are their livelihood. They argue that if the RSPB spent less time criticizing and working with them as partners, and much more can be done in the cause of conservation. The RSPB, meanwhile, says it is committed to working with landowners, farmers and other land managers: "We are the largest UK provider of free advice for the conservation of the agricultural community."

Many believe that to maintain high adhesion, the RSPB does not want to be seen forging any relationship with the shooting fraternity. Knowing that their faithful members of a dim blood sports, the "neutral" point of view about the shooting can sometimes turn into hostility. Privately, officials admit farmers or landowners RSPB do a lot of good work to propagate the species of birds - plantation crops of birds friendly, heather burning and killing bugs to improve the prospects of taking of view. In public, however, support those who kill birds for sport is rarely expressed.

John MacTavish, 46, a gamekeeper on an estate of 1500 acres and pheasant shoot near Oban, has worked all his life on earth, and he is very interested in conservation. However, since the introduction of sea eagles, a spectacular bird of prey known in the region for 200 years, said he found a constant object of suspicion. These eagles have chosen not to nest on their land and RSPB believes that officials are convinced that deliberately scared. They return regularly to monitor their activities.

"I have absolutely nothing against sea eagles," MacTavish said, "but I have an aversion to people who come into my country without permission. I would not return to their country without asking first. Why can not they have the decency to ask me? "

As many guards, MacTavish is a fellow born and raised, who knows his own game like the back of his hand. This is part of their work to spend cold nights on the hill in constant war against foxes, using their skills to protect your partridges and pheasants, as well as ground-nesting birds, which suffer from the attention of predators.

Their culture could not be more different from the RSPB, whose members are largely based in the cities, and share a natural antipathy to farmers and shooters - the former head of the ruin of their country with pesticides and fertilizers, he dismissed simply as murderers.

"They seem to be committed to the protection of birds of prey at the expense of everything else," said MacTavish. "But now I have more vultures bullfinches."

Privately, some executives of the Company in accordance with this, arguing that it is time to call a truce. But his public statements on the subject are still aggressive. Accounting investigations RSPB said on its website: ".. It is important to stay focused in order to bring the murderers to justice, there can be a higher job satisfaction than "

The company admits that allows police to conduct raids on the properties assumed. "The RSPB will provide specialized assistance to help enforcement agencies in their efforts to fight against wildlife crime as needed" is the official line.

The report was virtually ignored by the RSPB. As it was the last nine years in the moors of North Yorkshire by the Conservation Trust of Hunting and. Using traditional methods of struggle against predators, trust has been able to show significant improvements between waders. During the experiment, their populations triple improved.

It was rejected by the former director of the RSPB conservation Mark Avery, because "... funded work-Moor grouse managers who are willing to promote the wider value of grouse moor-predator control ... management, legal and illegal, too often, is in the business of providing great cock hunting in the fall. "

For a measured response to a serious scientific work that borders easy, but highlights the huge gap between the two parties. And environmentalists angry that Lord Peel, a former member of the English Nature and the former president of the Conservation Trust of Hunting and. "It seems quite logical and desirable that there be greater cooperation between charities and wildlife keepered farms," ??he said. "The chance to attend the virtual disappearance of iconic species, as occurred outside areas keepered, as well as significant economic benefits arising from shooting grouse distress in rural areas, do not think."

RSPB arguments can be listened to with more respect on the ground if their own farms moors showed better results. Into two major sections moors, Lake Vyrnwy in Wales and Cumberland Geltsdale, the company that was acquired moors, and gave to conservation. In this case, one would think, should be able to prove triumphantly that birds of prey and birds feed on joy can coexist.

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วันพุธที่ 26 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2555

Olympics 2012: Team GB edges towards best medal haul in 104 years

showjumpers victory, Jason Kenny added more gold to bronze velodrome and Beth Tweddle scores gymnastics

London 2012

motto is "to inspire a generation", with a strong emphasis on youth. But on Monday to 54 years with a hip replacement led Britain to gold jumping for the first time in 60 years, while Beth Tweddle, 27, became the oldest athlete save believed medal since 1948.

After gorging on the successes of the weekend sports medals kept coming even more success in the velodrome, the country has approached its best performance in more than a century.

It is 104 years since Britain won more than 19 gold medals. With six days now have won 18 gold medals - and that just one behind all of the Beijing Olympics four years ago - and 40 medals in total

If the weekend was the Gold Rush in the blue ribbon track and field in the main stadium and the drama of Usain Bolt won the 100 meters and the development on Monday, was once more in sports that require the use of the Olympic momentum four years.

Nick Skelton, jumping, whose career spanned four decades, went to six editions of the Olympic Games, but until I had never won a medal. All that changed when he and his teammates Ben Maher, 29, Scott Brash, 26, and Charles Peter, 52, beat the Netherlands in a dramatic Jumpoff -. Sporting sanctions equivalent

But Skelton is the oldest Briton to win a gold medal. This reward is with Joshua "Jerry" Milner, aged 61 when he won the 1000 event yard rifle freemen in 1908

"I'm speechless - amazing, I've never seen crowds like this guys did a great I have a wonderful horse is good for the country, for our sport , .... " said Skelton, who has yet to demolish a fence of three days of competition.

delirious scenes in the middle of the arena 23,000 capacity built at Greenwich Park - where the advertiser has often had to tell people to shut up - the quartet took the first medal of any color Britain sport for 28 years.

Netherlands could have won the gold medal, but has not been clear in its final phase. Skelton, Maher, and Carlos was clear throughout the Jumpoff Charles - at least the quartet announced, and as Skelton, another veteran at the age of 52 years - the mounting height round to raise wild celebrations

Press the equestrian events in Greenwich Park provisional stage, a decision taken £ 42m in the spirit of the Games compact that leave no white elephants, was not universally popular. However, it is difficult to deny the visual impact, like horses competing books multimillionaires before the Queen Inigo Jones House.

origin Skelton retired in 2001 after breaking his neck last year, but returned to competition a year later. Last year, he had a hip replacement, before returning to the competition to win the bronze at the European Championships.

Jason Kenny, chosen before Sir Chris Hoy to challenge men sprint cyclist, also won gold in the velodrome tumultuous gas. Defeated the French favorite and seven times world champion Gregory Bauge, scratching him in the first of the best final three years, and is moving forward in the second.

Kenny, who already had two gold medals to his name in the team sprint team alongside Hoy success in 2008 and 2012, passed today the only place in individual team sprint after a long duel between the two.

"It's incredible," he said. "I had not thought of until the last lap, and then suddenly I realized. Was quite the battle to get here with Chris. You do not want to spoil you. "

was also a bronze medal for Tweddle emotional, who won three world championships, but never an Olympic medal. Bronze medal on uneven bars crowned best sports games ever, doubling every time GB medal with six in 10 days.

women's hockey team reached the semi-finals and Nicola Adams was guaranteed at least a bronze medal and a place in history as the first British female boxer to win a medal at the Games after arrival to the semifinals of the flyweight division. Anthony Ogogo was also secured at least a bronze medal after reaching the average weight of the semi-finals. Men's super-heavyweight Anthony Joshua also guaranteed a medal after reaching the semi-finals.
men's basketball team won its first match at the Olympic Games since 1958, surpassing China, 90-58, too late to send them through the group stage, but they hope to raise a Legacy Sport Games period.

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Shooting of UN doctor imperils Pakistan's campaign against polio

Karachi attack following a vaccination ban Taliban in the tribal areas of the country, bordering Afghanistan


Pakistan against polio was thrown into chaos after a foreign doctor was killed in the southern port city of Karachi, a day after the Taliban reiterated the prohibition of vaccination tribal areas the country.

Three days national vaccination campaign began on Monday, but the administration of the Pakistani Taliban banned in some parts of the tribal area bordering Afghanistan, leaving 300,000 children at risk. Last year, Pakistan was the country with the highest number of polio cases.

had a severe reaction against vaccination against polio and other diseases, as the CIA used a Pakistani doctor, Shakil Afridi, set up a fake vaccination program to cover stalking Osama bin Laden in the northern city of Abbottabad in north-west province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Pashtun ethnic a conservative, are mostly in the province and the tribal region.

"Shakil Afridi factor had an impact. Everywhere Pakistan No, but in some areas in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pashtun community. Communities Again some Pashtuns of Karachi," said Shahnaz Wazir Ali, Advisor to the Prime Minister, who is in charge of the campaign to eradicate polio.

"But certainly moves away, because we go through the campaign. We say that [Shakil Afridi story] is a complete failure, not to deprive your child safe safe and healthy life because of what Shakil Afridi did. "

Disclosure regarding prejudice against Afridi falls exacerbated polio, and many believe they are a Western plot to sterilize Muslims.

Afridi was charged with trying to collect a DNA sample from the house where the CIA suspects the al-Qaeda leader lived. A team of U.S. special forces killed bin Laden in the house in May last year. Humanitarian organizations around the world have condemned the use of medical coverage espionage.

Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan are the only countries where polio is endemic. Pakistan aims to vaccinate 34 million children under five years in the campaign, which runs until Wednesday. So far this year, the number of polio fell to a record last year was nearly 200 new cases. Tribal area, officially known as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), is the most difficult for polio workers.

last month, two senior Pakistani Taliban commanders who control much of South Waziristan and North Waziristan tribal area at a time, issued a ban on vaccination against polio. Polio has stopped working also in the districts of Khyber Agency, another part of the tribal area, under the command of another Islamist warlord.

Pakistani officials are in talks with the militants on the ban, but could not be reversed before the vaccination campaign, so that the campaign was postponed to Monday.

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