วันเสาร์ที่ 2 มีนาคม พ.ศ. 2556

Bradley Manning's personal statement to court martial: full text

In the absence of a complete copy of the official declaration of Manning, journalists had to rely on their own note-taking cutting

Bradley Manning read a personal statement to the court at Fort Meade, Maryland, in a preliminary hearing on the charge of filtering the greatest treasure of state secrets in American history. Provides the first account in his own words and his own name, how he came to download hundreds of thousands of secret documents and databases videos insurance and transmitting military secrets sites against WikiLeaks.

The U.S. government has refused to publish the transcripts and documents contemporary court martial Manning, prompting complaints legal groups open government. In the absence of an official statement full copy of Manning, journalists covering the case have had to rely on their own note-taking in the room.

Here is the Guardian publishes a transcript compiled by independent journalist

Alexa O'Brien

, which covered the pre-trial hearings. It provides a description as complete and accurate a very important statement. This transcript was compiled by O'Brien in his contemporaneous notes, not a record or official document. Inevitably, it may contain errors.

Judge Colonel Denise Lind

Private Manning

can read your statement

soldier Bradley Manning:

Yes, your honor. Write this statement in containment facilities. The following data is provided to support research for my welfare martial against U.S. soldier Bradley E. Manning.

personal data

am a 25 year old, Private First Class in the U.S. Army assigned to Headquarters and Headquarters Company, HHC, U.S. Army Garrison (USAG) Joint Base Myer, Henderson Hall, Fort Meyer , Virginia.

[word missing] The assignment I was assigned to HHC, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division from Fort Drum, New York. My primary military occupational specialty, or MOS 35 Foxtrot intelligence analysts. I went into active service, October 2, 2007. I joined in the hope of getting both the real-world experience and get benefits for GI Bill college opportunities.

data regarding my position Intelligence Analyst

order to join the army I took the standard battery of the armed services aptitude My score in this battery is high enough for me to qualify for any MOS Positron placement. My recruiter told me that I should choose a margin of safety that complements my interests outside the military. In response, I said that I was interested in geopolitical issues and information technology. He suggested I consider an intelligence analyst.

After investigating the intelligence analyst position, I agree that it would be a good choice for me. I particularly liked the fact that the analyst could use information from various sources to create products that work reported in command of their options to determine the best course of action or ACO. Although the MOS requires basic computer knowledge, especially made me think about how the raw data can be combined with other sources of information to create products that have helped them in the order situational awareness or SA.

agreed to let my natural interest in geopolitical affairs and my computer skills would make me a good intelligence analyst. After I went to the recruiting office Fort Meade Military Entrance Processing on October 1, 2007. Then traveled and reported to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri October 2, 2007 to begin training in basic combat or BCT.

Once at Fort Leonard Wood was soon realized that I was not physically or mentally prepared to meet the needs of basic training. My BCT experience lasted six months instead of the usual ten weeks. Due to medical problems, I was put in a waiting state. A physical examination indicate that soldier was wounded in the right foot and left.

due to an injury I could not continue "basic". During cellar doctor informed me that I can not leave the army treated, however, refused to be under the chapter because I felt I could overcome my health problems and continue to serve. 2 [8 or 20?] In January 2008, I went back to the basic combat training. This time I was better prepared and completed the training, April 2, 2008.

Then I informed MOS specific individual advanced training or AIT, on April 7, 2008. ACI has been a pleasant experience for me. Unlike basic training where I felt different from other soldiers, fit was right. I preferred the mental challenges of reviewing a lot of information from various sources and trying to create useful products or action. I particularly liked the practice of analysis through the use of computer applications and methods that were familiar.

I graduated from the AIT August 16, 2008 and notified my first destination, Fort Drum, New York, August 28, 2008. As an analyst, or SIGACTS relevant activities were a frequent source of information for me to use in the creation of work products. I started to work intensively with SIGACTS soon after my arrival at Fort Drum. My computer training allowed me to use the tools of the common soil organic Distributed System-Army or D6-A computers to create polished products work to combat brigade chain of second order.

The officer in charge, or NCOIC, section S2, and Sergeant Major David P. Adkins recognizes my skills and potential, and to work on a task abandoned by analyst a tool previously assigned, the incident tracker. The incident was considered a follower of support for the combined data from the network or CIDNE compensation and as a unit, the work of historical reference.

In the months before my next deployment, I worked on the creation of a new version of the tracker SIGACTS incident and used to fill it. The SIGACTS I used were from Afghanistan, because at that time, our unit was to be deployed in the provinces of Logar and Wardak in Afghanistan. Later, my unit was reassigned to deploy in eastern Baghdad, Iraq. At that time, I took off and went to Afghanistan SIGACTS SIGACTS Iraq.

as an analyst and I saw SIGACTS historical data. I think this opinion is shared by other analysts from all sources as well. SIGACTS first glance, give the impression of a specific event or isolated. This event can be an attack on an improvised explosive device or IED compromise, small arms fire or a hostile force engagement SAF, or other events of a specific unit documented and recorded in real time.

In my opinion, the information contained in SIGACTS SIGACT or group is not very sensitive. Events encapsulated in most engagements involve enemies SIGACTS or causalities. Most of this information is publicly reported by the public affairs office or pools ODP integrated media, or media HN host nation.

When I started working with SIGACTS felt they were similar to a journal or a person may have. They take into account what happens on a particular day in time. Are created immediately after the event, and can potentially be updated over a period of a few hours until the final version will be published in the information data exchange network combined. Each unit has its own standard operating procedure or SOP for recording SIGACTS report. The POS may vary between reports in a particular application and reporting garrison.


one side usually involves personnel matters, such as driving under the influence or an incident or accident DUI causing serious injury or death of a soldier. Reports began in the enterprise level and goes battalion, brigade and even division level.


deployed unit may observe or participate in an event and a squad leader or platoon sergeant may refer the matter SIGACT as a corporate headquarters and the radio operator or takeover reversed. Commander RTO then send the report to battalion battle captain or officer or NCO battle. Once the battalion battle battle captain or officer receives the report (1) inform the officer of the battalion operations or S3, (2) perform an action, such as the launch of a rapid reaction force, or (3) record the event and also to report and inform the chain of command of the brigade.

each event notification is done by radio or Secret Internet Protocol Router Network, or SIPRNet, usually by a soldier assigned, usually Posted on young E-4 and below. SIGACT Once registered, SIGACT also sent to the chain of command. At each level, additional information can be added or corrected if necessary. Usually within 24 to 48 hours, updating and reporting or is particularly SIGACT complete. Finally, all reports and SIGACTS through the chain of command of the brigade of the division and the division of corp. A level is completed and SIGACT corp [word missing].

CIDNE The system contains a database that is used by thousands of Department of Defense (DoD) personel including soldiers, civilians and contractors support. It was the U.S. Central Command or CENTCOM reports reporting tool for operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Two separate databases, but remained the same for every theater I CIDNE in Iraq and Afghanistan CIDNE A-. Each database includes more than one hundred types of reports and other historical information to access it. They contain millions of directories validated and finalized including operational intelligence reports.

CIDNE was created to collect and analyze data to provide the battlespace daily operations and Intelligence Community (IC) report on the daily intake of an important decision. The CIDNE CIDNE I-reports and a database the fields of information and analysis for multiple disciplines such as human intelligence or HUMINT reports, psychological operations or PSYOP reports, reports of the fight against IED and CIED commitment, the SIGACT reports, reports targeting of social and cultural relations of Civil Affairs, as well as reports of Human Terrain.

as an intelligence analyst, had unlimited access to CIDNE CIDNE-I and-A database and the information contained therein. Although each table in the database is important reports dealing HUMINT reports and reports against the SIGACT FDI since these reports were used to create a product that has had work published as an analyst.

When working on an assignment anywhere and I looked everywhere for more information. As an analyst from all sources, it was something that was expected. D6-A systems were integrated database, and I use it every day. It was just -. Research tools available on systems such as SIPRNet D6-A query tree and search engines and DoD Intellink

First, I used the database with historical reports and HUMINT CIDNE my analysis and provide a backup of your work. I did a statistical analysis of historical data, as SIGACTS to support analysis based on HUMINT reports and produce graphs, charts and tables. They also created maps and graphics for predictive analysis based on statistical trends. SIGACT reports served as a reference for what happened and gave me and other analysts have concluded the possible outcomes of information.


Even if the statement is sensitive to the time of its creation, its sensitivity is usually dissipated within 48 to 72 hours that the information is made public or the unit is no longer involved in and not in danger.

I heard reports are filed just because SIGACT CIDNE stay inside - and it can be found on SIPRNet. All CIDNE CIDNE-I and A to include information SIGACT were treated as classified information.

facts storage SIGACT Reports

As part of my training at Fort Drum, has asked me to assure you that I can save my work product. The need to create backups is particularly acute given the relative instability and reliability of computer systems used in running. These systems include both organic and theater provided equipment (TPE) D6-A machines.

The organic D6-A machine that we brought with us on the ground in our deployment were Dell [word missing] laptops and TPE-A D6 machines were brand Alienware laptops. The [M90?] D6-A laptop was the best machine to use as they were a little faster and with fewer problems with dust and provided Alienware room temperature. I used several D6-A machines during deployment due to various technical problems with laptops.

With these questions loss of several analysts of information, but I never lost data due to multiple backups that I created. I tried to save all relevant information as possible. I would like to save the information so that I or another analyst can quickly access it whenever 1machine robust, SIPRNET connectivity loss, or I forgot where data is stored.

When saving information I would do one or all of the following based on my training

1. Physical back. I tried to keep physical copies backs up the information on the paper so that the information can be taken quickly. In addition, it was easier to report hard copies of research reports and human intelligence.

2. Local disk backup. I tried to order information deemed relevant and save complete copies of the information for each piece of equipment used in the installation of temporary or sensitive information compartmentalized T-SCIF, including my primary and secondary D6-A machines. It was stored in my user profile on the desktop.

3. Shared Drive Backup. Each analyst has access to a T-drive - what is called T-shared drive through SIPRNET. He allowed others to access the information stored therein. S6 is the T-drive.

4. Compact Disc or CD-RW disk backup. For large data sets that stores information in a rewritable disc, label the discs and put them in the conference room of the T-SCIF. This redundancy can not worry about the loss of information. If the system crashed, I could easily get information from a secondary computer, T, or a CD-RW.

If other analysts wanted access to my data, but it was not available I could find my product guide published in the T-drive or CD-RW. I set all my products, search by date, time, and group. And an update on each of the storage methods to ensure that the latest information was available to them

During deployment I had several of the D6-A machine crash on me. Whenever a computer crashes typically loses information, but the redundancy procedure ensured my ability to quickly restore the old backup data and add my current information on the machine when it has been repaired or replaced.

that stores a backup to CD-RW with large data sets in the conference room of the T-SCIF or next to my workstation. CD-RW compound according to the classification level and content. Unclassified CD-RW labeled only with the type of content and not bearing the classification marking. At the first installation, SIGACTS only saved and have been stored in or near the operating environment.

Later, I thought it would be easier to save all SIGACTS on a CD-RW. The process does not take long to complete and so I downloaded the CIDNE I SIGACTS of a CD-RW. After I finished with CIDNE I did the same thing with CIDNE-A. Find CIDNE CIDNE-I and-A SIGACTS I could retrieve the information when they need it, and not rely on SIPRNet reliable connectivity and slow to pull required. Instead, he could not find the CD-RW and open a spreadsheet preloaded.

This process began in late December 2009 and continued until early January 2010. I could quickly export data SIGACT months once and download in the background as I did other tasks.

The process took about a week for each table. After downloading the tables SIGACT I updated periodically, taking the last SIGACTS and simply copy and paste into the database stored on the CD-RW. I've never hidden the fact that I had downloaded copies of both tables CIDNE CIDNE SIGACT-I and A-. They were stored in properly labeled and marked CD-RW, stored outside.

I saw that backup copies CIDNE-I and A CIDNE to much for my own use and the use of any person under section S2 for SIPRNet connectivity problems.

SIGACT addition to desks, I had a large deposit of HUMINT reports and reports against-IED CIDNE I downloaded. This content reports that are relevant to the area in and around our operating environment in eastern Baghdad and Diyala province in Iraq.

to compress the data to fit on a CD-RW, I use a compression algorithm called "bzip2". The program used to compress the data are called WinRAR. WinRAR is a program that is free and can be easily downloaded over the Internet through non-secure network or Internet Protocol Relay NIPRNet. I downloaded WinRAR NIPRNet and transferred to the D6-A user profile of the desktop machine with a CD-RW. I have not tried to hide the fact that I was in my download WinRAR SIPRNet D6-A machine or computer.

With the help of the algorithm with bzip2 WinRAR program, I was able to adapt to a whole SIGACTS HUMINT CD-RW and nonprescription and relevant reports identify a CD -RW.

data on my knowledge of the Wikileaks organization or WLO

I became vaguely aware of the OML during my AIT at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, although I did not really pay attention until the system messages issued for WLO SMS or short from September 11, 2001 November 25, 2009. Then, references to the release and website WLO source appeared in my Google search open daily news for information on U.S. foreign policy.

stories were published on OML about 500,000 messages. Then review the posts and I realized that the messages were very probably true given the amount and detail of its content.

After that, he began to do research on OML. I did a search on both SIPRNet and NIPRNet WLO in principle in late November 2009 and early December 2009. At that time also began to regularly monitor the website OML. In response to one of my research in 2009, I met with the U.S. Army Intelligence Center and against the report on USACIC WikiLeaks organization. After reviewing the report, I thought this report was perhaps my AIT refers to early 2008.

that may or may not have saved the report on my D6-A workstation. Be who reviewed the document at other times throughout the beginning of 2010, and saved both my laptops primary and secondary. After reviewing the report, I kept looking OML. However, from my collection of open source, I found conflicting information on the 2008 report, including information indicating that USACIC news agencies like the others, WLO seemed dedicated to exposing illegal activities and corruption.


received numerous awards and recognition for their work. In addition, by examining the WLO website, I found information on the U.S. Army at Camp Delta SOP at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and information on the rules, then the date of commitment to RE prosecution in Iraq border of the former members of Saddam Hussein [the government] missing word.

After viewing the information available on the website WLO, followed him and collecting information from open sources of it. During this period, I have taken several groups and organizations, including news agencies such as Reuters and Associated Press wire and intelligence agencies or even private Stratfor Strategic Forecasting. This practice was something he learned to do at the ICA, and it was something good analysts is supposed to do.

WLO During my research, I found several pieces of information that I found useful in my work product of my work as an analyst, I remember specifically the publication of documents WLO related arms trafficking between the two nations that have touched my OP. Incorporate this information into one or more of my work.

In addition to visiting the website WLO, I began to follow along with WLO Instand Relay Chat or IRC Client XChat sometimes called in early January 2010.

IRC communication protocol is a real-time messaging and Internet Conference, colloquially known as chat or chat rooms. The rooms are designed for forums IRC discussion group communication. Each room is called an IRC chat channel - similar to a TV where you can select a channel or follow - as long as it is open and does not require [word missing]


[word missing] specific IRC conversation, other users can see the conversation that had joined the room. On the Internet there are millions of different IRC channels through various services. Channel topics cover a variety of topics covering all kinds of interests and hobbies. The main reason to continue on IRC WLO was curiosity - especially with regard to how and why they were SMS referenced above. I thought the collection of information on the OML help me achieve this goal.

first time I just watch the IRC conversations. I wanted to know how the organization was structured, and how the data are obtained. Discussions I've seen were generally technical in nature, but sometimes goes to a lively debate on the subject can be strongly felt.

Over time I became more involved in these discussions, especially when the conversation turned to geopolitical events and issues of information technology, such as methods of networking and encryption. On the basis of these observations, I would like to describe the organization WL almost academic in nature. In addition to interviews WLO, I participated in many other IRC channels Acros at least three different networks. Other IRC channels, I participated normally focused on technical issues such as insurance Berkley Linux and BSD distribution systems or operating systems, networks, algorithms and techniques and other political issues, such as policy and [word missing].

normally involved in IRC conversations at the same time, especially in public, but in private, often. XChat client has enabled me to cope with these multiple conversations across multiple channels and servers. Screen XChat often busy, but their screens allowed me to see if something was interesting. I can select the conversation and watch or participate.

I really enjoyed the conversations on IRC participation and OML, however, in the course of the end of February or early March 2010, the OML IRC channel was no longer available. Instead, the regular participants of this channel happens to use the Jabber server. Jabber is another Internet communication [word missing] similar but more sophisticated IRC.

IRC and Jabber conversations allowed me to feel connected to others, even when he is alone. They helped pass the time and stay motivated throughout. Deployment

facts relating to the unauthorized storage and disclosure of SIGACTS

As noted above CIDNE create copies of tables CIDNE I yA SIGACT under the backup information. When he did, I do not intend to use such information for purposes other than backup. However, he then decided to communicate this information to the public. At this time, and I still believe that these tables are two of the most important documents of our time.

On 8 January 2010, I took the CD-RW drive that fits in the conference room of the T-SCIF and put it in the pocket of my cargo or ACU Army Combat Uniform. At the end of my shift, I took the CD-RW in the T-SCIF and brought it to my containerized housing the hospital. I copied the data on my laptop. Later, at the beginning of my shift, I went back to the CD-RW in the conference room of the T-SCIF. At the time that saved my laptop SIGACTS thought I take a look through and decide what to do with them.

Shortly before my mid-tower, I transferred the information from my computer to a Secure Digital memory card from my digital camera. SD card device also worked on my computer and let me SIGACT tables store safely for transport.

began in mid-tour leave January 23, 2010, flight to Atlanta, Georgia to Reagan National Airport, VA. I returned my aunt, Debra Van Alstyne, in Potomac, Maryland and quickly made contact with my boyfriend and R. Tyler Watkins. Tyler, a student at Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts, and made plans for me to visit him in Boston, Massachusetts [word missing].

I was very happy to see Tyler and Tyler planned to talk about where our relationship was my time in Iraq. However, when I arrived in the Boston area and he seemed distant Tyler. He seemed very excited about my return from Iraq. I tried to talk to him about our relationship, but he refused to make plans.

also tried to raise the issue of liberation and CIDNE CIDNE IA-SIGACT tables for the general public. Tyler made hypothetical questions about what he would do if he had the documents he thought the public needed access. Tyler did not really concrete answer for me. He tried to answer questions and be supportive, but he seemed confused by the question in this context.

then tried to be more precise, but too many questions. Instead of trying to explain my problem, I decided to leave the conversation. After a few days in Waltham, began to feel really bad. I finished my stay, and I returned to Maryland. I spent the rest of my free time in the area of ??Washington, DC.

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