Many of us subscribe to false beliefs about how our memories, sometimes with serious consequences. He debunks some common myths
As a user of a life of human memory, you may feel that you have a good idea of ??how it works, right? To test your understanding of memory, common understandings comparing different points of view of psychology ...
acts of memory as a video recorder
In a U.S. survey published in 2011, 1838 63% of respondents said they believed "strongly" or "mainly" that memory works like a video camera, "accurately record the events we see and hear what we can inspect and review later. " The memory is actually one of the creative influences, fallible, very prone to suggestion and other distortions.
Some people have photographic memory
An extension of memory as video is a myth the idea that some people have a "photographic memory", which can take a snapshot of a scene or a page in a book, then make mind when they want.
is tempting to invoke such an ability to explain the achievements of the champions of memory called Hideaki Tomoyori. In 2005, a new world record (as recognized by Guinness World Records) by reciting 67,890 digits of pi from memory completely. However, studies show Champions memory that depend on mnemonics and thousands of hours of practice.
A related concept is eidetic imagery, in which a person says "see" a detailed visual scene is no longer visible. However, the evidence of "eidetikers" find their memory image to be more accurate than control participants. It seems that just feels as if the image is alive and always "there" instead of the head.
forgetting occurs slowlyMemory
Some misconceptions have serious consequences for the shape of the eyes (and ears) is testimony in court. For example, many people, including psychologists (according to a recent survey of Norway), believe that forgetting occurs slowly, as if the rot remembered as a reel of film aging. In fact, most forgetting occurs immediately after an event.
Trust is a reliable indicator of the accuracy of memory While the precision and confidence can be correlated to the directory of one person memories, trust is a poor indicator of the accuracy in the judgments of one act of memory or when are compared to controls. One reason is that some factors, such as repeated questioning can increase confidence without increasing accuracy. In addition, all variables in our standard of reference memory confidence. Therefore find a single witness, do not know if trust is high relative to their standards. In the legal system, people when they are convicted exonerated by DNA evidence, the testimony of an eyewitness confidence is the most common reason was originally convicted.
traumatic memories can be suppressed and "recovered" years after it happened
While agreeing with the mistaken idea that memories of emotional events are very accurate, many people often have a paradoxical belief that the traumatic memories, such as child abuse are subject to repression . A related belief is that these memories can be "recovered" later in life, dug with a qualified therapist, or maybe a hypnotist.
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