The case of Norway, Anders Breivik reminds us that the relationship between madness and responsibility is complex
The announcement of his lawyers that the Oslo Accords and Anders Breivik Utøya murderer can be regarded as a folly once more a priori polarized society and misconceptions about the folly and the question of responsibility.
For some commentators, to be judged insane relieve him of responsibility for their actions, as if the madness and responsibility are mutually exclusive. For others, it's madness to exaggerate the responsibility of the massacres, as though the madness and violence are inextricably linked.
The fact that media reports of "mental illness" is so often associated with violent crime drama begins to be almost what we expect. Perhaps, at some level, and not only expect, but they want to outsource latent feelings of violence that we all harbor within us. The horror of the slaughter of Norway, after all, tinged with fascination. Everyone wanted to know more, go to hear more.Breivik
case recalls Ernst Wagner, the German master hands tied to their guns and opened fire on the inhabitants of the town of Mulhouse in September 1913. Demonized by the media, his case was used to intensify hostility toward "mental distress". As a psychiatrist Wagner, Robert Gaupp said boldly at the time, recognize and explain the patient's psychosis does not mean that all individuals psychotic act the same way.
Wagner, in fact, behaved as a good citizen at least 20 years before the attack, however, his diary shows that during that time was delirious. As Breivik, the case demonstrates the compatibility of madness and normal life. For many years, Breivik is a simple life - the studio, starting a business, visiting the gym for a drink with friends. Never been to psychiatric care and had no dramatic symptoms, no strange behavior.
Old psychiatry psychosis discrete studied these fit with the company, is often destroyed by the disruption or crisis. It was crazy quiet, sober, and allows us to better understand the actions that the number of diagnostic categories and advanced by the "experts" Breivik. The paranoia has three classic components. The paranoid is a failure or a malignancy in the world, has been called, and he has to deliver a message about it. To Breivik, the belief is that Europe is rotten, that the name of this disintegration is Islam and it is their mission to expose and excise taxes.
The paranoid delusions here may be wrong, but can also be absolutely true. The FBI can not be plotting against him, but BP may be responsible for the destruction of nature by the American coast. The madness is not in the content of beliefs here, but in relation to the individual belief. In case of doubt on the belief replaces doubt, we are in the field of psychosis.
This insurance often generate enthusiasm, the formation of groups or movements. Neurotic people are unsure of their purpose in life and sex, death, and there are open questions. The meeting with someone who really knows the answer to these questions exert a gravitational effect. Breivik, like many others, is likely to attract followers.
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