วันศุกร์ที่ 25 พฤศจิกายน พ.ศ. 2554

'Cure for cancer' rumour killed off Vietnam's rhinos

The belief that cure cancer of powdered rhino horn is blamed for rise in demand which has three species

rumor may have been a consumer both as a weapon of a poacher who killed the last rhinos in Vietnam. An investigation into the killing of animals has led to a dubious claim - that went viral in Vietnam in recent years - the powdered rhino horn can cure cancer

The rumor, which has no basis in western science and traditional Chinese medicine, is considered responsible for an increase in demand which is blamed for the loss of three populations of rhinos in the last years, non-governmental organization said the wildlife week. It led to conservation groups in an urgent review of strategies to identify and affect trends in consumer behavior.

The Javan rhino was declared extinct in Vietnam last month after the last animal was found dead with a bullet in his leg of wood and horn. This month, which was followed by the West African black rhino and warnings that the Sumatran rhino is on the verge of extinction in Indonesia.

This year, after relative stability. The illegal rhino was silent at the end of 1990 as the two main sources of demand - dagger handles in Yemen and suppression of fever in China - strangled with a mixture of government repression and the provision of viable alternatives . As recently as 2007, only 13 rhinos were poached in South Africa. This year, the number is already 341.

"I could not understand what was happening at first," said Steven Broad, Executive Director of TRAFFIC, a group of wildlife conservation. "Then we noticed the unusual request for Vietnam . This was not an important market for first assumed it was a stopping point for China. However, we believe now, Vietnam is the final destination. "

The cause appears to be a rumor that began five or six years that the rhino horn had cured cancer in a Vietnamese old policy. Its origins are unclear. The politician was not named, nor were details of the type of cancer that had allegedly been cured. But the rumor quickly spread by word of mouth, mobile phone and Internet.

The price of rhino horn has increased recently hit records above $ 60,000 / kg - a higher price than gold. Poachers will ask the dust of their guns and take more risks. Rangers sixteen deaths have soared since last year. Others use helicopters to hunt.

murders have increased in Kenya and Tanzania. In Europe, the thieves entered the museum to steal a rhino horn. Legal hunting trophies were suddenly flooded with applicants from Vietnam, some of whom had never handled a gun before.

The origin and the reason remains uncertain rumor. Some speculate that it could come from China. Others, which was deliberately set by collectors and dealers in rhino horn, whose shares increased in value. Other factors may be involved, as many collectors of rhino horns in China is also investing in ivory products, hoping to increase in value, as animals become more scarce.

Questions

are numerous. But for now, environmentalists say the case highlights the need to rethink their approach. So far it has focused on the protection of the supply in nature, but increasingly recognized that the work is also necessary to identify and change consumer behavior.

issues are not just for the rhinos. In Vietnam, Indochina tiger, Asian elephant, saola, Tonkin snub-nosed monkeys and Siamese crocodiles are in the process. Elsewhere in Asia, many other animals are at risk of increased demand.

This global trend has been accelerated by the expansion of Internet commerce, international travel and the rapid development of China and other Asian economies, where the lifestyle new rich and old habits traditional wildlife proved a particularly deadly combination of pangolins, tigers, sharks, elephants and many other species.



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