Island Indian state of Goa has long been the eyes as an ideal holiday destination, but mass tourism has led to the contaminationBefore
management Barracuda diving club at Sun Village Resort Goa, Venkatesh Charloo worked on the negotiating table in a bank in Hong Kong. After viewing a film Cousteau decided to leave the world of finance and diving in deep water. Now 15 years later, is very angry. "The islands of Goa are covered with garbage, and there are fewer fish." Part of his job is to clean the diving sites in the beginning of the season.Goa
survived four centuries of Portuguese colonization and the arrival of hippies in the 1960s, but today it is threatened by mass tourism. More than 2.5 million tourists visit this small state in southwestern India each year, double that 10 years ago, with a population of only 1.5 million. National Geographic ranked the beaches of Goa among the worst in the world.
Few complain of cows lying in the sand under umbrellas. They are, after all, sacred, but the beer bottles and plastic garbage bags most of the beaches and sunsets just what remain intact. They are what made the reputation of Goa as a romantic destination, with advertising of Local Government inviting travelers to their wives, girlfriends again.
However, the proliferation of coliform bacteria and can disrupt the idyll promised. A study by the Institute of Oceanography Goa-based National, the levels of potentially dangerous bacteria such as salmonella, increased significantly between 2002 and 2007. The report, published last July in the journal Ecological Indicators, found that increasing concentrations of high fecal coliform bacteria and other pathogens in coastal waters are a threat to the environment and human health. In some places, swimming could lead to disease.
At the mouth of the river Mandovi, sewage flows down from the hotel, with residues of pesticides used by farmers in the country, and sediments from nearby mines. Underwater visibility is greatly reduced. "You can not see beyond his own nose," Patil said Ajey, a diving instructor in deep water.Environmentalists condemn the apathy
local authorities. "The government wants to build a five star hotel along each mile, but they can not even build factories in water treatment," said Claude Alvares director of an environmental action group, Goa Foundation.
The construction of over 2600 hotels also destroyed Khazana, an ancient system of dykes and wetlands that are removed when the water level of the sea rose high ground and protected against flooding.
Although the state of Goa is aware of the threat to the environment, can not dispense with the manna that is tourism. A third of jobs depend on the tourism industry, generating 240mA per year.
would be to attract fewer tourists and focus on high-end vacation. Most visitors are walkers on the coast, although the latest figures of tourists from Russia and Europe arrived on charter flights, and restaurant menus are translated into Russian. "We want to build golf courses and amusement parks to attract a higher," said Swapnil Naik.
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