Some thoughts of Lord Martin Rees, Astronomer Royal and Emeritus Professor of cosmology and astrophysics at the University of Cambridge
This award is an important and surprising discovery. Even empty space contains energy and a kind of "antigravity" that causes the cosmic expansion to accelerate. It will be a while before the theoretical understanding of this force - which is part of the basis of the nature of space and time. This result was later strengthened and reinforced by other developments: evidence from the cosmic microwave background (especially the Boomerang and WMAP experiments) that the geometry of the universe is "flat", and an accumulation of evidence from d observations with telescopes of large atoms and "dark matter" does not represent more than 30 percent of the density required to do so.
Thomson Reuters, who predicted the winners of each year, has been in contact He says he can, like that. "As for yesterday, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Beutler, and Hoffman were chosen as winners of Thomson Reuters Citation in 2008 and was elected in 2010 Steinman "
24:10: reaction more recently scientists in the field. Dr. Mark Sullivan, another physicist at Oxford, said:
I think this is fantastic news and well deserved. Its direct detection of the acceleration of the universe at the end of 1990, with distant cosmic explosions known as supernovae, has rewritten textbooks, and was one of the advanced physical reference of the 20th century. The nature of dark energy driving this acceleration of the universe remains a mystery to physicists concerned since, and is at the forefront of modern astrophysics research - is the motivation for current and future land many experiments in space
Professor Sir Peter Knight, President of the Institute of Physics, said:
winners today are at the frontier of modern astrophysics and caused a huge amount of research on dark energy.
These investigators have opened their eyes to the true nature of our universe. They are very deserved recipients.
Some of my requests for revision of the Nobel Prize in physics today began arriving. This is what Professor Pedro Ferreira, a cosmologist at the University of Oxford, has to say:
Here Adam Riessdiscuss their work at Johns Hopkins University in Maryland 11.30:.
In this case, among others, Saul Perlmutter about the hidden world in 2009
There are some wonderful videos of Nobel laureates today talk about their work on the expansion of the universe
above is Brian Schmidt Australian National University speech in 2009.
Brian Schmidt:"It seemed too crazy to be just what we were a little scared.
"I always look at Einstein because he has a lot to the right. Einstein's idea that space itself is an energy is the simple reason that the universe can be accelerated."
answer the questions: Brian Schmidt Nobel
"It's like when my children were born ..."
materials Nobel Assembly:
The growth rate of expansion implies that the universe is driven also by an unknown form of energy embedded in the fabric of space. This dark energy causes the universe much more than 70% and is an enigma, perhaps the biggest physics today. No wonder, then, that cosmology has been shaken to its foundations, when two research groups reported similar results in 1998.
half the prize goes to Saul Perlmutter Supernova Cosmology Project at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley, California.
The other half goes with Brian Schmidt of the research team High-Z Supernova of the Australian National University and Adam G. Riess research team High-Z Supernova